• icon-wishlist
  • icon-cart

Your kitchen renovation: measured for perfection

Just imagine the fun you will have cooking up a storm in your brand-new kitchen! It’s worth investing in, and the right planning will pay enormous dividends. Correct measurements are crucial, and certain design standards have to be adhered to: the height, width and depth of your cabinets, counters and appliances. An efficient kitchen is one where you can move around between work areas easily. The recipe for success? A great plan!
1

Kitchen design layout

Entrance and freedom of movement

Door openings (entry, appliance, or cabinet) must never interfere with the safe operation of other appliances, cabinets or doorways.

Measurements

  • Door opening: 32" minimum, though 34" is recommended
  • Door clearance: 32"
  • Work space width: 42" for one person, 48" for two people
  • Passage width: 36"

Electrical outlets, switches, and ventilation

GFCI outlets

  • To prevent shock, GFCI protection (ground fault current interrupter) is required on all outlets for countertop use in the kitchen.
  • 1 outlet must be located a maximum of 24" from the sink
  • 1 outlet must be located a minimum of every 48" of counter space
  • Countertop sections more than 12" wide must have an outlet
  • Outlets should be located 42" from the floor and no higher than 20" above countertops.
  • The stove or cooktop requires a dedicated range circuit

Switches

  • 1 switch for every entrance to the kitchen is required.

Ventilation

  • The power or air movement for range hoods is measured in CFM (cubic feet per minute). The minimum exhaust rate for a kitchen is 100 CFM, but if you do a lot of heavy cooking with strong odours, get a hood with at least 350 CFM.
2

Optimize the Pantry

Cabinet measurements

Contemporary kitchens include three types of cabinet modules:

  • Upper or wall cabinets
  • Below-counter or floor cabinets
  • Large cabinets and pantry cabinets

Widths may vary, but other measurements must respect certain standards to ensure functionality and accessibility.

Upper or wall cabinets

  • Depth:
    Standard is 12" to 18";
    Microwave cabinets require 15" to 18";
    Fridge cabinets, 24"
  • Height: standard heights are 12", 15", 18", 30", 36", 42"
  • Width: most common are 12", 15", 18", 30"

Hood cabinet height

  • Standard hood: 66"
  • Integrated microwave hood: 72"
  • Gas range: 72"

Floor cabinets and work surface

  • Depth: 24". Note that the height and depth of stoves and dishwashers is standardized.
  • Height: 34½" is standard, 36" including countertop (between 1¼" and 1 ½") and toekick.
  • Width: variable. Most common are 12", 15", 18", 30", 36", 42".
  • Toekicks are generally 3½" high and 3" deep.

Clearance of 18" to 24" is required between the floor cabinets and upper cabinets to accommodate small appliances on the counter.

Large cabinets and pantry cabinets

  • Depth: 12", 18", 24" and even 26" depending on where they are located.
  • Height: 84" to 90".

Island

  • Depth: 24" minimum
  • Width: 36" minimum
  • Height: 36" is standard. Note that a 30" work surface is preferred for some tasks, including pastry work.

Clearances

A corridor of 42" to 48" between the cabinets and island is comfortable and functional.

If a family member uses a wheelchair, allow for 60" of space to circulate freely.

Dining area

There should be 12" between the seat of the chair and the eating surface.

  • Stools 24" high for a lunch counter and chairs.
  • 18" for a standard table.

Lunch counter

  • Width: allow for 24" per person seated to eat
  • Depth: allow for 15" leg room under the counter

Bench and banquette seating

  • Width: between 65" and 80" for both bench and table
  • Table Depth: between 30" and 40"
  • Distance between the seat back and table: 15"

Clearance around the dining area

  • Wall: 32"
  • Passageway: 36"
  • Traffic space: 44"
3

Appliances

Efficient kitchen design means every component has the space to work properly. If the dishwasher is open, for example, you can still open the door to the fridge. If one person is busy at the sink, another can be using the stove. The golden rule: always put a cabinet between appliances (never place two appliances side by side).

Sink

Measurements

  • Single basin: cabinet 24" wide
  • Double basin: cabinet 36" wide (minimum)

Clearances

  • On each side: between 18" and 36" of countertop landing area

Dishwasher

Measurements

  • Width: 24"
  • Height: 35"

Clearances

  • In front: 36" to 42"
  • Each side: 21" from perpendicular cabinets

Note: the dishwasher should be located close to the sink

4

Refrigerator

Refrigerator

Measurements 

  • Width: 30" to 36"
  • Height: 70" to 72"
  • Depth: 24" to 30"

Clearances

  • Sides and back: 2"
  • Front: 36" to 42"
  • Opening side: 15" of countertop landing area

Range or Cooktop

Measurements

  • Width: 30" to 36"
  • Space between bottom cabinets: 31"
  • Space between countertop: 30 ½"

Clearances

Above the cooking surface

  • Electric range: 30"
  • Gas range: 36"
  • Each side: between 15" and 36" of countertop landing area

Built-in oven

Measurements

  • Width: 33"

Clearances

  • Each side and behind: 2"
  • In front: 36" to 42"

Suggested products