Kitchen design layout
Entrance and freedom of movement
Door openings (entry, appliance, or cabinet) must never interfere with the safe operation of other appliances, cabinets or doorways.
- Door opening: 32" minimum, though 34" is recommended
- Door clearance: 32"
- Work space width: 42" for one person, 48" for two people
- Passage width: 36"
Electrical outlets, switches, and ventilation
- To prevent shock, GFCI protection (ground fault current interrupter) is required on all outlets for countertop use in the kitchen.
- 1 outlet must be located a maximum of 24" from the sink
- 1 outlet must be located a minimum of every 48" of counter space
- Countertop sections more than 12" wide must have an outlet
- Outlets should be located 42" from the floor and no higher than 20" above countertops.
- The stove or cooktop requires a dedicated range circuit
- 1 switch for every entrance to the kitchen is required.
- The power or air movement for range hoods is measured in CFM (cubic feet per minute). The minimum exhaust rate for a kitchen is 100 CFM, but if you do a lot of heavy cooking with strong odours, get a hood with at least 350 CFM.