The addition of a fence can be either necessary or purely decorative. There’s no need to sacrifice your outdoor decor: choose fence panels that will harmonize with the existing elements of your outdoor environment.
Versatile, durable and low-maintenance, treated-wood fences are very popular so are composite. Installing fence panels is fairly simple and doesn’t require specialized tools aside from a posthole auger. However, you should be aware that digging post holes and pouring concrete is physically demanding work.
We recommend you have someone to help you: this is definitely not a one-person job.
Municipalities have regulations and bylaws that govern the installation of fences and hedges, and it is up to you to be aware of any regulations that might apply.
Before you undertake a fencing project, locate the precise boundary of your property, lay out an installation plan, then measure the total length.
The fence can be put up in four different ways, using: metal stakes, gimlets, posts driven directly into the ground, or posts inserted into form tube or in post base hanger.
Screws are preferable to nails. Your overall structure will be more solid, and it will be easier to replace a board or section of the fence if you need to in the future. Use screws for treated wood (ceramic-treated) or stainless steel screws. The rest of your hardware should ideally be made of stainless steel, or at least galvanized steel.
Treated wood should be handled with precautions.
1.1. Establish the location of your fence by pounding in stakes where the posts will go and then running a string around the perimeter. You can also use spray paint.
1.2. Mark locations for the 4" × 4" treated-wood posts at 6' intervals.
1.3. Use a posthole auger to dig holes 8" to 10" in diameter and 3' 6" to 4' deep for optimum stability and to prevent the posts from loosening when frost occurs. The distance between the holes must be 6', centre to centre.
2.1. Lay a bed of 0-¾ crushed stone 6" deep at the bottom of every hole.
2.2. Insert the concrete column form tube (sonotube).
2.3. Secure the cylinder by screwing it to an outer frame.
2.4. Make sure the distance between cylinder centres is indeed 6'.
2.5. Insert the post and steel reinforcing bar into the tube.
2.6. Pour the premixed concrete and water into the portable mixer.
2.7. Close the lid tightly and mix for 30 seconds.
2.8. When the concrete is ready, pour it directly into the tube.
2.9. Maintain the post in a vertical position, then use a post level or carpenter’s level to check that it’s plumb.
2.10. Make the concrete mound-shaped around the post; this will allow water to run off and not create a pool around the post.
2.11. Fill the cavity around the tube with stone dust up to ground level.
2.12. Lightly water the surface to compact the stone dust.
2.13. Always verify your measurements before you move on to the next post.
3.1. Mark the locations of the joist hangers on the posts; these hangers will hold the base of the fence panels.
3.2. Use a line level hanging from a string tied between your posts to check that the joist hangers are level.
3.3. Screw the joist hangers to each post at the appropriate height, securing them at the top and bottom and on both sides.
4.1. Anchor the base of the panel into the joist hangers between the posts.
4.2. Fasten the top part of the panel to the posts.
4.3. Check that the fence panel is level and plumb.
4.4. Nail the panels to the joist hanger.
5.1. Mark the desired height on all four sides of the posts; 4" above the panels is ideal.
5.2. Use a circular saw to make the cuts. You will need to cut on more than one side if your posts are thicker than the blade of the saw is wide.
5.3. Nail on the fence post caps.
A deck or patio is far from complete unless there is patio furniture or, at the very least, a patio coffee table to hold drink glasses, plates or food...Learn more
The addition of a fence can be either necessary or purely decorative. There’s no need to sacrifice your outdoor decor: choose fence panels that will h...Learn more