FR
  • CART

    My Cart

    Online purchase is not available for this store.
    To check availability and to place an order, please contact your store.
  • List
  • Account
 
Print

Lay floor tiles

  • Difficulty Level: hammer hammer
    Close Difficulty Levels
    Beginner Do-It-Yourselfer - Easy
    Intermediate Do-It-Yourselfer - Moderate
    Experienced Do-It-Yourselfer - Difficult
    Professional - Expert
  • Completion Time : 10 to 12 days

Floor tiles are available in a vast range of colours, shapes, sizes and materials, from ceramic and porcelain to natural stone, including granite and slate. Since tile can be installed over floor heating systems, it is a stylish and versatile flooring option that can be used in any room of the house.

This project provides details on how to tile a floor – a relatively simple procedure but one that requires attention to detail and patience to allow for curing times. Some specialized tools such as a tile cutter or tile saw may be required.

Print

Tools and materials required

TOOLS

  • Grout float
  • Chalk line
  • Tile cutter
  • Pencil
  • Rubber gloves
  • Knee pads
  • Rubber mallet
  • Measuring tape
  • 4' level
  • Tiling tools
  • Tile nippers or tile saw
  • Caulking gun
  • Ruler
  • Bucket
  • Notched trowel
  • Sponge
  • Square

MATERIALS

  • Tile adhesive
  • Floor tiles
  • Thinset mortar
  • Grout
  • Plastic spacers
  • Piece of 2" × 4"
  • Caulk
  • Sealer

Before Assembly

SUBFLOOR OR SUBSTRATE

The subfloor must be stable, level and very sturdy, to prevent the tiles from moving or cracking. If in doubt, avoid using large format tiles.
 

PATTERN AND LAYOUT

Decide on the pattern and layout of your tiles: straight or diagonal design; brick, square or rectangular; or other combinations. If your tiling project is simple and straightforward, you do not necessarily need to draw a plan. However, if you want to include patterns or borders, or if your floor is not completely square, it is best to make a tiling plan.

Measure the floor and copy the measurements to scale on graph paper (1 square = 1 sq. ft.). Remember to include all existing features such as closets, plumbing fixtures, floor heat registers and air vents. Consider the various layout possibilities, taking the size of the tiles and the room into account. The purpose of planning your layout is not only to achieve a pleasing, symmetrical look but also to ensure that you have the correct quantity of tiles.

As a general rule, you should place as many full tiles as possible in the most visible areas and locate cut tiles in the least noticeable places. Mark the area with reference lines to avoid ending up with very small pieces of tile at the edges. You may need to move the central reference line to the left or right slightly, so as to have as many full tiles as possible and the most symmetrical pattern.

All the grout lines in the room should be the same width (thickness) and evenly aligned.
 

QUANTITY AND INSTALLATION

Calculate the surface area and add a percentage to allow for breakages and spares. Add 5% for tiles laid out in straight lines and 10-15% for a diagonal layout (which involves more wastage).
Follow the recommended drying times. The mortar needs to set for at least 24 hours. The grout must also be left to dry for 24 hours before being sealed. Finally, you should wait at least 10 days before caulking expansion joints.

Steps

Show All StepsClose All Steps

Helpful Information

Related projects and Guides
Install mosaic tiles

Glass tiles, and mosaic tiles in particular, have become hugely popular in recen

Learn more
Install hardwood flooring

A beautiful, well-maintained hardwood floor lends elegance, character and value

Learn more
Installing wall tiles

Tiles are versatile, practical, and available in a variety of sizes and material

Learn more
Laying sheet vinyl or linoleum flooring

Installing sheet vinyl or linoleum is a relatively simple job but one that requi

Learn more
Related tips and tricks

Calculators


See all Calculators

INSTALLATION
SERVICES
RONADVANTAGES
FINANCING
RONA Langdon Hardware Ltd. / Fort Erie

1238 Dominion Road, Fort Erie,
Ontario, L2A 1H7

Change store
Call your store
(289) 320-8250