Finish Lumber - Pine (141)
Whether building furniture, adding a deck, putting up framing, or laying down flooring, finish lumber is available in many sizes, cuts, forms, and types to suit your needs. Lumber is divided into two categories: hardwood and softwood. It’s useful for different applications, and pine lumber is one of the most commonly used types of softwoods.
Softwoods, such as pine lumber, are less dense than hardwoods, making them lighter. They’re easily transportable to construction sites for framing and other outdoor projects. The lower density also makes them ideal for boats, joinery, and a variety of woodworking projects. Softwood comes from trees that grow faster, giving them a straighter grain, which makes them strong and ideal for structural applications.
White pine is a softer variety, making it less suited to home and building applications. Its attractive colour and pliability make it suitable for furniture and carpentry. Many carpenters prefer to use white pine because it’s more resistant to warping, swelling, and shrinking than other varieties. Finger-jointed pine is flexible and affordable, but not ideal for structural use. Connecting the boards with lengths of pine and finger joints creates long, continuous pieces of wood. It’s great for adding new casings to a closet or when making trim, moulding, and baseboards.
Tongue-and-groove pine boards are ideal for interior and exterior applications like flooring, parquetry, and panelling because they’re lightweight, strong, and easy to nail, saw, and trim. The tongue-and-groove joint allows two boards to be seamlessly joined to create a strong single surface. This eliminates the need for surface nails and mitre joints.
Characteristics of knotty pine include an abundance of visible knots on the surface of the boards. It’s lightweight, easy to plane, saw, and finish, and takes stains well. Although it’s often used indoors for projects like cabinetry, trim, and window and door frames, treating knotty pine with a preservative makes it useful for outdoor applications such as decking and roofing.
When buying pine lumber, check for the FSC certification, which ensures that the wood is coming from a sustainable forest.